UNHCR Handbook for the Protection of Women & Girls

UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Publication Date: 
June, 2006

As this Handbook illustrates, in every country and community in which UNHCR works, women and girls are less likely than men and boys to have access to even the most fundamental of their rights, such as food, health care, shelter or documentation. Girls are less likely than boys to attend school; instead they spend their time burdened with domestic chores.

Violence against women and girls is endemic, not only in conflict, but during its aftermath, as women and girls try to re-establish their daily lives. Such human rights violations are not only a result of displacement; they are directly related to the violence women and girls endure during times of peace.